# How to do a modal analysis

1. Enter the geometry of the structure as you would normally do.
If your model contains multiple independent structures, make one Diamonds-file for each structure.
Pay extra attention to the boundary conditions. If you have a lot a of degrees of freedom, you’ll end op with a lot of local modes.
2. The modal parameters of the structure (eigen modes and -frequencies) depend on the stiffness and mass distribution of the structure. The stiffness distribution follows directly from the geometry. The mass distibution needs to be defined by the user according to the following:
• The mass taken into account during a modal analysis is related to the vertical downward loads on the structure.
• Both point-, line- and surface loads contribute.
• Diamonds calculates with a gravitational acceleration of 9,81m/s² (0,981kN -> 100kg).
This value cannot be changed.
• The contribution of each vertical downward load to the mass equals:

In which is the correlation coefficient multiplied and the combination. Both and depend upon the standard.

For example: the image below shows a live load A: housing for which and .

Assume this load group contains a downward load of 5kN/m. The mass taken into account during the modal analysis resulting from that load group will be:

With the mass contributing in kg becomes:

• If you want to cancel the contribution of a load group to the mass, set to a very low value (like 0.001) but not 0.
The icons before each load group have no influence on the mass. Only the combination of and is decisive.
If you want to cancel the contribution of the self-weight (of some parts) to the mass, define a material with denisty . That’s the smallest possible value in Diamonds.
3. Run the modal analysis using the button .
• Enter the number of desired eigenmodes. Start with for example 10.
• Choose an approximation for the damping. Usually Rayleigh damping is used with the default damping factor of 0.05 (=5%).
4. When the modal analysis is finished, the eigenmodes and eigenfrequencies can be viewed in the results configuration.
An overview of the modal parameters belonging to each eigenfrequency can be viewed in this table .